Broken Heart Syndrome is caused by a sudden increase in stress hormones such as adrenaline. These hormones cause the small arteries around the heart to constrict, making it hard for the heart to pump blood. This may result in an irregular heartbeat and can be fatal.
Doctors believe that the key to preventing broken heart syndrome is to lower stress. Exercise is effective at counteracting emotions related to stressful situations. Meditation is also helpful in reducing stress.
Although the exact causes of broken heart syndrome are not well understood, scientists are exploring possible triggers. Men tend to be more affected than women, but both can experience the disease. It can be triggered by any number of traumatic events.
The main symptoms of broken heart syndrome are chest pain, shortness of breath, dizziness, and nausea. The symptoms usually resolve within a few days to a few weeks. But if they persist, seek medical help.
The diagnosis of broken heart syndrome is often made by examining the blood and performing an electrocardiogram (ECG). Cardiac catheterization, or angiography, is a procedure that allows the doctor to view arteries inside the heart. This is done using a dye. A cardiac MRI is also used to examine the heart’s structure.
The initial treatment for broken heart syndrome involves a combination of medications. These can include aspirin, ACE inhibitors, and beta-blockers. These medicines decrease the risk of blood clots, reduce blood pressure, and relieve pain.
In severe cases, the heart may need to be placed under cardiopulmonary resuscitation or life support. It is important to follow up with a cardiologist for the best outcome.