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How the Peoples Republic of China was founded 70 years ago

Credits Kevin Frayer/Getty Images

China flexes military muscles during anniversary celebrations

In Dept..

By admin , in England , at October 1, 2019

Credits Kevin Frayer/Getty Images

China flexes military muscles during anniversary celebrations

In Depth James Ashford Tuesday, October 1, 2019 – 10:49am

China is marking 70 years since the founding of the Peoples Republic of China.

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President Xi Jinping oversaw a huge military parade in Tiananmen Square, featuring 15,000 military personnel, 580 pieces of military equipment and 160 aircraft, says the BBC.

“No force can ever stop the Chinese people and nation from marching forward,” said the president in an opening speech.

The show of military might is being followed by what officials describe as a “happy and lively show”, involving 100,000 performers on floats. A gala performance will come later in the evening.

“The main theme is to tell Chinese stories and express the Chinese peoples confidence in the party and the country,” said Zhang Ge, an official responsible for the event.

But Chinas birthday celebrations risk being overshadowed by events in Hong Kong, where anti-government, pro-democracy protests are approaching their fourth month. Thousands of demonstrators are expected to take to the streets to protest against what they say see as Chinas control over Hong Kongs affairs.

Press freedom – already heavily restricted in China – has been even more suppressed, while internet censors are removing online criticism of the ruling Communist Party, president and leading officials.

China is an increasing economic and military power in the world today – but how was the Peoples Republic of China founded?

Second Sino-Japanese War

This was fought between China and Japan from July 1937 to the Japanese surrender in September 1945.

It started when China began a full-scale resistance against the influence of Japan in its territory, and can be divided into three significant portions, says Encyclopaedia Brittanica.

The first – a period of Japanese military success and rapid advancement – lasted until the end of 1938. It was followed by a period of relative stalemate until 1944, and was finished by a series of Allied attacks on Japans islands following its involvement in the wider Second World War.

Chinese Civil War

Though Japan was defeated at the end of the War, the fighting in China did not stop there. A new conflict was brewing between the Nationalists and the Communists, who had joined together against the Japanese but were themselves bitter rivals.

It had been understood that the two sides would work together until Japan was defeated, but with the conflict over, they turned on each other.

The Nationalists were weakened by the War, military failures and corruption, leaving room for the Communist Party to rapidly gain traction.

Over 1945 and 1946, the US mediated negotiations between the two sides and agreements were reached. But before they could be put into practice, conflict broke out in Manchuria when the withdrawal of Soviet troops sparked a power grab between the two Chinese factions.

Fighting increased and by January 1947 the US had given up on attempts to mediate between the two sides. In March, the Communist Party was charged by the Nationalist government with armed rebellion.

The Communists continued to win important military victories, prompting the future Chairman Mao to declare: “The Chinese peoples revolutionary war has now reached a turning point…The main forces of the Peoples Liberation Army have carried the fight into the Kuomintang Area…This is a turning point in history.”

Despite having millions more battle-ready soldiers, the Nationalists decline conRead More – Source


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