More than 7,000 police officers were deployed on the streets of Paris and arrested 163 people as yellow vest anti-government protests turned violent.
Activist came under fire with tear gas fire and sting-ball crowd-control grenades from riot police on Frances annual heritage weekend.
Officers dispersed small crowds of demonstrators who tried to gather in large central areas despite a ban by police.
Paris police said at least 163 people had been arrested and nearly 400 received spot fines issued for demonstrating in no-go zones.
The yellow vest movement began in November 2018 in protest against fuel taxes and other economic policies of President Emmanuel Macron.
They swelled into weekly demonstrations in Paris and other cities with often-violent clashes with police.
The campaign appeared to be petering out in the summer after Macron made concessions, including a 10 billion euro package of measures.
But tensions are resurfacing over plans to overhaul France pension system.
Some yellow vests joined thousands of people at a south Paris climate change march where dozens of individuals dressed in black, many wearing masks and hoods, mixed in with the marchers.
They broke windows at a bank and shops, and set fire to a makeshift barricade and rubbish in the street.