Cardinal George Pell has been committed to stand trial on multiple historical sexual offence charges, but the most serious charges have been thrown out.
Magistrate Belinda Wallington is part way through her ruling on whether there is enough evidence to send Cardinal Pell to trial on multiple historic sexual offence charges.
She has committed Cardinal Pell to stand trial on some charges, but she has discharged others.
Cardinal Pell was escorted into the Melbourne Magistrates' Court under police guard.
He has strenuously denied the accusations.
Today's ruling follows a month-long committal hearing in March.
The first 10 days of the hearing were closed to the public and media as the complainants gave their evidence, which is standard practice in cases involving sexual offence charges.
Their evidence remains confidential.
But over the following weeks, details of the allegations against Cardinal Pell emerged.
Among the allegations, he is accused of sexual offending at Melbourne's St Patrick's Cathedral in the late 1990s when he was Archbishop of Melbourne.
Cardinal Pell is also accused of committing sexual offences at a Ballarat pool and a cinema in the regional city during the 1970s, when he was a priest in the area.
A number of choir members, pool attendees and the cinema's projectionist were called to give evidence.
None had seen anything untoward.
A number of the charges were also dropped before today's hearing, due to the death of one of the complainants and another being found medically unfit to give evidence.
Ms Wallington took a fortnight to consider her decision on whether to commit Cardinal Pell to stand trial.
Cardinal Pell will be required to enter a plea.
He is expected to face a directions hearing in the County Court in the future, when a trial date will be set.
The Archbishop of Melbourne, Denis Hart, declined to make any comment on the decision.
"Archbishop Hart expressed his confidence in the judicial system in Australia and said that justice must now take its course," the Archdiocese of Melbourne said in a statement.
Ms Wallington told an earlier hearing she believed an accused person should be committed to stand trial unless there was a "fundamental defect" in the evidence.
"I think issues of credibility and reliability are matters for a jury, except where you get to a point where [a complainant's] credibility is effectively annihilated," she said.